This is a fairly tall annual or biennial (or short-lived perennial) that can reach three to five feet tall. It attracts many pollinators, including butterflies and a large variety of bees. The flower heads are more numerous but smaller than black-eyed Susan (R. hirta
), which is also an annual. It blooms for a long time during summer.
Uses: Pollinators, deer tolerant, drought tolerant
Bloom time: July - September
Height: 3 to 5 feet
Space: 1.5 to 2.5 feet
Sun: Full sun to medium shade
Moisture: Average to moist
Seed: Much of the seed will germinate without any special treatment, but a brief period of cold-moist stratification can be beneficial.
- 200 seeds per packet
- 33,000 seeds per ounce
- 1 ounce per 1,000 square feet
- 2.5 to 3 pounds per acre